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Charles and Ray Eames

Charles and Ray Eames 

Charles and Ray Eames lived from 1907 to 1978 and from 1912 to 1988. One was an engineer, and the other was an artist. Together, they made some of the most famous modernist furniture of the 20th century.

Charles' modernist

ideas and Ray's happy style came together to make some of the most loved and used furniture designs.Charles was born in St. Louis, Missouri. His formal schooling as an architect was cut short when he was young, but only after he developed a taste for modernism. He started his own architecture firm before working for Eliel Saarinen in Michigan. Working with Eero Saarinen, Eames developed the prize-winning molded plywood furniture that made him famous in the future. While in Michigan, Eames would study at the Cranbrook Academy of Art and then teach there.

Charles and Ray Eames Background

Ray-Bernice Kaiser was born in Sacramento, and she first got noticed as a painter in New York City in the 1930s. In 1940, she went to school at the Cranbrook Academy of Arts, where she met Charles. After marriage, Charles and Ray moved to Los Angeles and started a productive partnership, including architecture, furniture design, and making movies. Ray would also create patterns for fabrics. Their Eames House was their most famous piece of architecture. It was built in only four days using pre-made parts and became a landmark in 20th-century architecture. Charles and Ray Eames lived in their own house until they died, which was another interesting thing. Because of this, the house has to be one of the best examples of modernist design.


Their efforts to make minimalist furniture were just as important. In the 1940s and 1950s, Charles and Ray went back to their earlier molded plywood designs and made the LCW (Lounge Chair Wood, 1946), the LCM (Lounge Chair Metal, 1946), the DCW (Dining Chair Wood, 1946), the DCM (Dining Chair Metal, 1946), and the Eames Lounge Chair and Ottoman (1956). The "Plywood Group," as these chairs came to be known as a group, was groundbreaking not only because of how they were made but also because they broke with the practice of being heavy, complicated, and upholstered furniture. Because of these things, the DCW became especially famous as an office chair. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, Charles and Ray made more classic designs, like the Eames ES 104 Executive Office Chair and its companion pieces, the EA 117, 119, 217, and 219. There was also the Eames RAR rocking chair, the Eiffel group of eating chairs, and the La Chaise, all of which used new materials like fiberglass and helped cement the Eameses' place as some of the most important designers of the 20th century.

Charles and Ray Eames
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